What Is Eea National?
The EU Treaties are a Commercial Contract
The EU Treaties are a commercial treaty and different from the EEA Treaty. The purpose of the article is to promote a continuous and balanced strengthening of trade and economic relation. The Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy are not part of the EFTA.
The EEA does not cover agriculture and fisheries. Being bound by the Common Fisheries Policy is seen as a major reason why Norway and Iceland do not join the EU. The Common Fisheries Policy would give away fishing quota.
The Schengen Area
The agreement between Europe and countries facilitates movement. The requirements of the Schengen Agreement are important for Americans who are planning to travel through European countries. The treaty that created Europe's Schengen Area consists of 26 countries where internal border checks have largely been eliminated for short-term tourism, business trips, or travel to a non-Schengen destination.
The 26 countries are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, and Spain. Many countries in the European Union assume that travelers will stay for three months, so you should have a passport that is good for at least six months. Although border checks have been eliminated, you should still have your passport with you as you travel around the world.
EEA-EFTA dialogue after Brexit
The three EEA EFTA States are very close in their collaboration, both in regular meetings official bodies such as the Standing Committee and more frequently in dedicated ad hoc settings. The aim of the dialogue is to maintain close economic and trade relations after the country leaves the EU. The discussions about the implications of the UK's withdrawal from the EU began immediately after the referendum.
The Italian Identity Card and Paper Book
There are different rules for domestic use of identity documents. The national identity card or passport is a demand by some countries. Other countries allow the use of other documents. Greece and Italy are both issuing non-machine readable identity cards, while Italy is phasing out the issuing of non-machine readable paper booklets.
EFTA Court and Surveillance Authority
The EFTA Court and the EFTA Surveillance Authority monitor the application and transposition of internal market legislation. The EFTA is able to track the implementation of legislation in the EEA countries.
Benefits for EEA Workers
They may be able to claim benefits if they have been the main care for a school child whose parent is or has been an EEA worker.
The EU and the EEA are different
The EU and the EEA are not the same. All EU members are required to be EEA members, but not all of them. The single market and the laws that apply to it are related to the EEA agreement. Several EFTA members have transitioned to become EU members over the years.
The European Economic Area
The European Economic Area is a European territory consisting of 30 countries. The Treaty of 1992 was signed between the member states. It is necessary to join the EEA first before joining the EFTA.
A country that does not belong to the EEA can join the EFTA. The Schengen Area is about travelling without border controls with a unified visa regime for the whole area, while the EEA is about free movement of goods, services, capital and people. The countries of the European Economic Area are part of the Schengen Area.