What Is Justice System?
- The Laws of Juvenile Justice: A Review
- Law Enforcement Practice in Aging Settings
- The Euthyphro Dilemma
- Where to Start? The Search for a Job in Criminal Justice
- The Impact of Therapy Animals on the Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems
- The Republic and Rawls: Two Works on Ethics
- Comparative Criminal Justice
- The Politics of Conflict: Why Crime Control Matter and How Due Process Preserve Individual Freedom
The Laws of Juvenile Justice: A Review
It involves crime prevention and participation in the criminal justice process once a crime has been committed. Private crime prevention includes things like private security, neighborhood watch, and burglar alarms. It also includes a commitment to stop criminal behavior by not engaging in it or condoning it when others do.
Noncriminal justice agencies provide many of the services needed to prevent crime and make neighborhoods safe. Criminal justice agencies have joined with individual citizens and other organizations to make neighborhoods safer. The justice system doesn't respond to most crime because it isn't discovered or reported.
From the reports of victims or other citizens, to the discovery of a police officer in the field, to the work of investigators and intelligence, law enforcement agencies learn about crime. Once a law enforcement agency has established that a crime has been committed, a suspect must be identified and captured for the case to proceed through the system. Sometimes a suspect is arrested at the scene, but identification of a suspect is more difficult.
No one is identified or arrested. In some cases, a suspect is arrested and later the police determine that no crime was committed and the suspect is released. The defense counsel is assigned to the initial appearance.
All suspects in serious crimes have the right to an attorney. The court will assign counsel to the public if it determines that the suspect is indigent. A grand jury hears evidence against the accused and decides if there is enough evidence to put them on trial.
Law Enforcement Practice in Aging Settings
The law enforcement component enforces laws and provides a variety of service functions. Evidence-based practice is used in law enforcement settings to improve outcomes. Reducing crime incidents or redirecting individuals to appropriate resources are examples.
There are many features of the criminal justice system that are relevant to the aging population. Elderly people are the victims of crime the most. There has been an increase in elderly offenders.
The Euthyphro Dilemma
Justice is the principle that people receive that which they deserve, with the interpretation of what is "deserving" being impacted upon by many fields, with differing viewpoints and perspectives. The state will sometimes try to increase justice by operating courts. Plato had a dialogue called Euthyphro, which was about the Divine command theory.
The Euthyphro dilemma is about whether or not a morally good thing is commanded by God or not. If the latter is true, then justice is beyond mortal understanding, and morality is subject to the judgement of mortals. The existence of an objective morality and the existence of God are both valid responses to this question.
Meritocratic theories say that wealth and social status should be distributed to match individual merit, which is usually understood as a combination of talent and hard work. Goods such as food, shelter and medical care should be given to people who need them the most. Marx said Marxism was a needs-based theory from each according to his ability to each according to his need.
Where to Start? The Search for a Job in Criminal Justice
If you want to work in criminal justice, you may be wondering where to start. There are many benefits to earning a degree in criminal justice before you start your career, and some of the jobs in the criminal justice system do not require much more than a high school degree. Studies show that officers who pursue education are more effective. A paper published in Police Quarterly in 2010 states that police officers with a higher level of education are less likely to use force in a civilian encounter.
The Impact of Therapy Animals on the Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems
The juvenile justice system is similar to the adult criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system is a four component system that is based on the age of the youth. The legislative component mandates different processing procedures for youth and defines juvenile delinquency.
The juvenile justice system consists of sentencing guidelines, court structures, juvenile secure and non-secure detention facilities, juvenile officers, and statutes that define delinquent and status offenses. The trend of having therapy animals in the criminal and juvenile justice system is growing fast to help young and vulnerable victims and witnesses feel safe and comfortable. There are some criminal justice professionals who are still uneasy about therapy animals assisting, but research studies addressing the positive impact, as well as expanded clinical practice, would benefit the criminal and juvenile justice systems and allow greater expansion for the benefit of those in need.
To ensure that therapy animals are not used as a crutch in the court system, to have one reliable and skilled handler, and to work safely, there needs to be greater awareness in the field of animal-assisted therapy. Therapy animal teams need to become more aware of opportunities in the criminal and juvenile justice system so that they can help. Interventions need to be clinically sound to address underlying issues in order to moderate issues of risk, public safety, and mitigate recidivism, with those involved in the system at a significantly higher rate for experiencing mental health issues.
Addressing institutional barriers to functioning is also important. For most juvenile offenders, intensive clinical work on the family system is a must, with interventions speaking to strengthen the family unit, while simultaneously addressing topics of clinical significance like trauma, abuse, and neglect. The impact of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder on the rehabilitation of refugees who have fled to a new country is one of the forensic issues in Chapter 10.
The Republic and Rawls: Two Works on Ethics
Western civilization has a long tradition of arguing about justice or fairness. The idea of justice is the most consistent idea in Western civilization. The Republic, written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, and A Theory of Justice, written by the late Harvard philosopher John Rawls, are two of the major works on ethics.
Comparative Criminal Justice
There are reasons to study criminal justice. There are many benefits to studying comparative criminal justice, including the ability to solve global crime cases. The study of comparative criminal justice can lead to a variety of career options.
The Politics of Conflict: Why Crime Control Matter and How Due Process Preserve Individual Freedom
Herbert Packer proposed that the operations of the US criminal justice process could be affected by the logics of 'crime control' and 'due process'. The criminal justice model is based on the idea that criminal behavior should be contained and suppressed. An effective criminal justice model includes successful criminal detection, prosecution and conviction.
The due process model puts more emphasis on protecting the rights of the innocent than it does on convicting the guilty. The due process model focuses on the protection of individual liberty in the face of a potentially powerful state. Crime control and due process logics are not exclusive.
Jack Straw is a senior minister responsible for the implementation of the government's criminal justice strategy, but he can also express due process concerns. The disputes between crime control and due process considerations tend to be about degree and emphasis. Crime control advocates might argue that a misguided attachment to certain protections can hamper convictions.
The principle of appropriate protections is not denied. Enhanced protections for suspects in police custody might be championed by due process advocates. It would be difficult to find someone who would not oppose questioning of suspects in police custody.
The debate over the appropriate balance between due process protections and the crime control imperative tends to be dominated by disagreements of a largely procedural kind. Such debates are important. A society that ignores the processes by which people are dealt with for violating the laws of the land is unlikely to be a society in which the rights of individuals are respected.