What Is Natural Selection Brainly?


Author: Loyd
Published: 13 Dec 2021

Natural selection

Natural selection is the difference in survival and reproduction of individuals. The heritable traits of a population change over time.

Darwin's theory of action and evolution

The process of organisms adapting to their environment leads to more offspring. Charles Darwin's theory of its action was the first to be fully expounded and is believed to be the main process that brings about evolution.

The Giraffes are Different

Adrian says that if you measured the giraffes' necks, they're all going to be different. The differences are determined by their genes. The cause of evolution is not solely selection for adaptation.

There are neutral mutations that can cause species change and have no benefit to an individual. Scientists have been able to predict natural selection. It is almost impossible to know the effects of the environment in the future.

Evolutionary history of fossil evidence

The members of the species with the most desirable characteristics are able to produce offspring. If a species is unable to adapt, it is at risk of extinction. Evolution can take many thousands of years to happen. Fossil evidence has been used by scientists to look at how organisms have evolved over millions of years.

The giraffe population with the longest neck

Plants that are very tall are at risk of being blown over because of the exposure to more wind. Plants that are short are unable to get enough sunlight to grow. Plants that are a middle height between the two get both protection from the wind and enough sunlight.

Evolution of the Southern California Field Mudwort Plant

Over the next generations, evolution is the change in the characteristics of an organisms. It is sometimes summarized as a descent. Natural selection is one of the mechanisms that drives evolution.

The fossil record shows that species change over time and new species are formed. There was no explanation of how changes could be made. Darwin relied on his notes, observations and interpretation of the writings of Thomas Robert Malthus for his conclusions.

Malthus was an English scholar who wrote about theory that population growth will always outrun the food supply. Competition for a limited supply of food will cause many individuals to die. Natural selection is strong because of the rapid multiplication of the population ofbacteria.

They usually grow until they reach a constraint such as lack of food, space or other resources. The best suited of thebacteria will survive while the rest will die off. Natural selection in the development of antibiotic resistance is an example.

All other antibiotics will not work if the individual is treated with antibiotics. The proliferation of antibiotic-resistantbacteria is a major problem. Natural selection in plants is an example of this.

Adaptation by natural selection

The process of adaptation by natural selection is not forward-looking and can't produce features because they might become beneficial someday. In the past, the conditions experienced by generations were always adapted. Natural selection is an elegant theory that explains the good fit of living things to their environments.

It is incredibly powerful in application and is a simple mechanism. It was not described until 150 years ago, which suggests that grasping its workings and implications is more difficult than is usually assumed. The level of understanding of natural selection is a subject that students at all levels are not very knowledgeable about.

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