What Is Vector Control For Public Health?


Author: Lorena
Published: 7 Dec 2021

Controlling mosquito breeding by reducing areas of old tires

Reducing areas where the vectors can easily breed can help limit their growth. Good management of used water, destruction of old tires and the removal of stagnant water can help reduce the incidence of mosquito breeding environments.

Controlling pharnotic Leishmaniasis with ITN

Sand flies are an important part of the fight against leishmaniasis and the fight against vegetated control is important. Control is complex due to the many aetiologies and transmission cycles of Leishmania species. In 2005 India, Bangladesh, and Nepal launched an elimination initiative that included an IRS component, which resulted in a reduction in the number of cases of pharnotic VL from over 77,000 in 1992 to fewer than 6,000 cases in 2016 [60].

Emerging diseases in the Americas: challenges for health systems

The emergence of new arboviruses such as those transmitted by the mosquito-borne disease, such as the one that causes the birth defect, thecephaly, in the region of the Americas, has presented a challenge for the health systems.

Controlling Mossman Disease

More than 1 million people die every year from diseases caused by the mosquito. The control of nuisance mosquitoes has kept quality of life and public health up.

The Life Cycle of Some Mosquitoes

The life cycle of some mosquitoes can be completed in 10 days. The female mosquito bites humans and animals. The female needs blood to make eggs.

A female can produce 100 to 200 eggs per meal. The brand names of the insecticides are provided for your information only. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the Alabama Department of Public Health are not allowed to recommend or endorse any name brand products.

The Guayan Municipal Mosquito Control District: An organizational structure

The Floridian MCP is a tax-based District that can make decisions on its own, with the oversight of an elected board of Commissioners. The Guayas program is assessed by non-governmental organizations. The Floridian and the Ecuadorian MCP focus on epidemiological monitoring of human disease cases.

Both the MCPs had strong community participation and educational programs. Weaknesses for both MCPs were limitations in budgets and technical capabilities. IVM recommendations direct health policy leaders to improve their surveillance systems by using more epidemiological and community participation, to use more applied research, and to use low-risk pesticides.

Inter-sectorial and multi-disciplinary interventions are critical to improve public health. The province of Guayas has 16 urban and 5 rural neighborhoods and is divided into them into two parts. The annual budget of the SNEM is $3 million and it serves 2.5 million people.

Staff training is required to maintain their license. The District provides continuing education credits to employees who attend training programs and workshops. The knowledge that technicians acquire is related to new trends for mosquito control, calibration procedures, peak mosquito activity, and ground and air applications.

The District's organizational structure is shown in Figure 1 The Executive Director is the leader in the decision making in regards to operational control. The Director relies on a Biologist and a Field supervisor to execute the control activities.

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